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SPP 232

Author: Richard Rose, CSPP & William Mishler, U. of South Carolina
Description: An ideal democratic system is representative and has effective leaders. But in post-Communist political systems it is an open question whether either goal has been achieved--or whether strong leadership and representation are consistent or in conflict. This article presents fresh data from the multi-national New Democracies Barometer survey, showing the extent to which the peoples of Central and Eastern Europe value representation in Parliament and/or effective leadership. Preferences for the two form a governance typology, discriminating representative democrats from leadership democrats, and both from authoritarians who value strong leadership without Parliament. A discriminant function analysis shows that political attitudes toward democracy and markets and order and economic security are most important in determining views of governance. National differences are indirectly significant, inanmuch as views of individuals about leadership vary with national context. Where there has been a history of repressive dictatorship, people are more likely to value representation to the exclusion of strong leadership.

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CSPP School of Government & Public Policy U. of Strathclyde Glasgow G1 1XQ Scotland