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SPP 238

Title: PRESIDENTS vs. PRIME MINISTERS: EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY IN EASTERN EUROPE
 
Author: Thomas A. Baylis, U. of Texas at San Antonio
 
Description: Most East Central European states have adopted some version of the parliamentary system, in which the President performs largely symbolic functions. Howegver, some have inclined toward a "semi-presidentialist" model in which the resolution of the respective roles of President and Prime Minister is determined by political as well as constitutional factors. The President is usually more popular than the Prime Minister--but this may be done to his or her circumscribed authority. This paper assesses not only the constitutional influences upon their relationship but also looks at the different ways in which Presidential-Prime Ministerial relationships are working out in practice there. It concludes that a decisive factor in striking between them is the role of the third side of the trianel, the Parliament.

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Postal Address:    CSPP Publications, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XQ, UK

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